Canadian Birds

This list of Canadian birds does not include Rare/Accidental or Extirpated species, but we have included Introduced Species that now make our country home. This page makes a great checklist for the ambitious bird watcher!

  • Albatross – black-footed, short-tailed
  • Auklet – Cassin’s, rhinoceros, parakeet
  • Avocet – American
  • Bittern – American, least
  • Blackbird – Brewer’s, red-winged, rusty, yellow-headed
  • Bluebird – eastern, mountain, western
  • Bobolink
  • Bunting – indigo, lark, lazuli, snow
  • Bushtit
  • Cardinal – northern
  • Catbird – grey
  • Chat – yellow-breasted
  • Chickadee – black-capped, boreal, chestnut-backed, mountain
  • Chuck-will’s widow
  • Coot – American
  • Cormorant – Brandt’s, double-crested, great, pelagic
  • Cowbird – brown-headed
  • Crane – sandhill, whooping
  • Creeper – brown
  • Crossbill – red, white-winged
  • Crows- American, northwestern
  • Cuckoo – black-billed, yellow-billed
  • Curlew – long-billed, Eskimo (likely extinct)
  • Dickcissel
  • Dipper – American
  • Dove – mourning, rock. Eurasian-collared
  • Dovekie
  • Dowitcher – long-billed, short-billed
  • Duck – American black, bufflehead, canvasback, common eider, king eider, gadwall, harlequin, long-tailed, mallard, northern pintail, redhead, ring-necked, ruddy, northern shoveler, wood
  • Dunlin
  • Eagle – bald, golden
  • Egret – great, snowy, cattle
  • Falcon – peregrine, prairie
  • Finch – Cassin’s, grey-crowned rosy, house, purple
  • Flicker – northern
  • Flycatcher – Acadian, alder, cordilleran, dusky, great-crested, Hammond’s, least, olive-sided, Pacific slope, willow, yellow-bellied
  • Fulmar – northern
  • Gallinule, common
  • Gannet – northern
  • Gnatcatcher – blue-grey
  • Godwit – Hudsonian, marbled
  • Goldeneye – Barrow’s, common
  • Goldfinch – American
  • Goose – Brant, Canada, Ross’, snow, white-fronted
  • Goshawk – northern
  • Grackle – common
  • Grebe – Clarke’s, eared, horned, pied-billed, red-necked, western
  • Grosbeak – black-headed, evening, pine, rose-breasted
  • Grouse – blue, ruffed, sage, sharp-tailed, spruce
  • Guillemot – black, pigeon
  • Gull – black-headed, Bonaparte’s, California, Franklin’s, glaucous, glaucous-winged, great black-backed, Heerman’s, herring, Iceland, ivory, laughing, lesser black-backed, little, mew, ring-billed, Ross’, Sabine’s, Thayer’s, western
  • Gyrfalcon
  • Harrier – northern
  • Hawk – broad-winged, Cooper’s, ferruginous, red-shouldered, red-tailed, rough-legged, sharp-shinned, Swainson’s
  • Heron – black-crowned night, great blue, green
  • Hummingbird – Anna’s, black-chinned, calliope, ruby-throated, rufous
  • Ibis – white faced
  • Jaeger – long-tailed, pomarine, parasitic
  • Jay – blue, grey, Stellar’s
  • Junco – dark-eyed
  • Kestrel – American
  • Killdeer
  • Kingbird – eastern, western
  • Kingfisher – belted
  • Kinglet – golden-crowned, ruby-crowned
  • Kittiwake – black-legged
  • Knot – red
  • Lark – horned
  • Longspur – chestnut-collared, Lapland, McCown’s, Smith’s
  • Loon – common, Pacific, red-throated, yellow-billed
  • Magpie – black-billed
  • Martin – purple
  • Meadowlark – eastern, western
  • Merganser – common, hooded, red-breasted
  • Merlin
  • Mockingbird – northern
  • Moorhen – common
  • Murre – common, thick-billed
  • Murrelet – ancient, marbled
  • Mynah – crested (likely exterpated)
  • Nighthawk – common
  • Nightjar
  • Nutcracker – Clarke’s
  • Nuthatch – pygmy, red-breasted, white-breasted
  • Oriole – Baltimore, Bullock’s, orchard
  • Osprey
  • Ovenbird
  • Owl – barn, barred, boreal, burrowing, flammulated, great grey, great horned, long-eared, northern pygmy, northern saw-whet, northern hawk, screech eastern and western, short-eared, snowy, spotted
  • Oystercatcher – black
  • Partridge – chukar, grey
  • Parula – northern
  • Pewee – eastern and western wood
  • Pelican – white
  • Phalarope – red, red-necked, Wilson’s
  • Pheasant – ring-necked
  • Phoebe – eastern, Say’s
  • Pigeon – band-tailed
  • Pipit – American, Sprague’s
  • Plover – American golden, black-bellied, common ringed, mountain, piping, semi-palmated
  • Poorwill – common
  • Prairie chicken – greater
  • Ptarmigan – rock, white-tailed, willow
  • Puffin – common, horned, tufted
  • Quail – northern bobwhite, California
  • Rail – king, sora, Virginia, yellow
  • Raven – common
  • Razorbill
  • Redpoll – common, hoary
  • Redstart – American
  • Robin – American
  • Sanderling
  • Sandpiper – Baird’s, buff-breasted, least, pectoral, purple, rock, semi-palmated, sharp-tailed, solitary, spotted, stilt, upland, western, white-rumped
  • Sapsucker – red-breasted, red-naped, Williamson’s, yellow-bellied
  • Scaup – greater, lesser
  • Scoters, black, surf, white-winged
  • Shearwater – Buller’s, Cory’s, greater, manx, pink-footed,¬†short-tailed, sooty
  • Shrike – loggerhead, northern
  • Siskin – pine
  • Skylark
  • Snipe – Wilson’s (common)
  • Solitaire – Townsend’s
  • Sparrow – American tree, Baird’s, Brewer’s, chipping, clay-coloured, field, fox, golden-crowned, grasshopper, Harris’, Henslow’s, house, Ipswitch (seaside), lark, Le Conte’s, Lincoln’s, Nelson’s sharp-tailed, savannah, song, swamp, vesper, white-crowned, white-throated
  • Starling – European
  • Stilt – black-necked
  • Storm petrel – fork-tailed, Leach’s, Wilson’s
  • Surfbird
  • Swallow – bank, barn, cliff, northern rough-winged, tree, violet green
  • Swan – mute, trumpeter, tundra
  • Swift – black, chimney, Vaux’s, white-throated
  • Tanager – scarlet, western
  • Tattler – wandering
  • Teal – blue-winged, cinnamon, green-winged
  • Tern – Arctic, black, Caspian, common, Forster’s, roseate
  • Thrasher – brown, sage
  • Thrush – Bicknell’s, grey-cheeked, hermit, Swainson’s, varied, wood
  • Tit – Siberian
  • Titmouse – tufted
  • Towhee – spotted, eastern
  • Turkey – wild
  • Turnstone – black, ruddy
  • Veery
  • Vireo – blue-headed, Cassin’s, Hutton’s, Philadelphia, red-eyed, warbling, white-eyed, yellow-throated
  • Vulture – turkey
  • Warbler – bay-breasted, black and white, black-throated blue, black-throated green, black-throated grey, blackburnian, blackpoll, blue-winged, Canada, Cape May, cerulean, chestnut-sided, Connecticut, golden-winged, hooded, MacGillvray’s, magnolia, mourning, Nashville, orange-crowned, palm, pine, prairie, prothonotary, Tennessee, Townsend’s, Wilson’s, yellow, yellow-rumped
  • Waterthrush – Lousiana, northern
  • Waxwing – Bohemian, cedar
  • Wheatear – northern
  • Whimbrel
  • Whip poor-will – common
  • Wigeon – American, Eurasian
  • Willet
  • Woodcock – American
  • Woodpecker – black-backed, downy, hairy, Lewis’s, pileated, red-bellied, red-headed, three-toed, white-headed
  • Wren – Bewick’s, canyon, Carolina, house, marsh, rock, sedge, winter
  • Yellowlegs – greater, lesser
  • Yellowthroat – common

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