Birds of Quebec

Birds of Quebec Specialties

Provincial Bird Snowy Owl

Provincial Bird Snowy Owl

  • Snowy owl
  • Cape May warbler
  • Blackpoll warbler
  • American black duck
  • Glaucous gull
  • Common eider
  • Greater yellowlegs
  • Boreal chickadee
  • Long-tailed duck
  • Black-crowned night heron

408 species in 45 families

Quebec is bordered by Ontario to the west and New Brunswick and Labrador to the east. To the south, the St Lawrence river marks the boundary between Canada and the USA. It is almost entirely surrounded by water: Hudson Strait to the north, the St. Lawrence River to the south, and James Bay and Hudson Bay to the west. Quebec shares maritime borders with Nunavut, Prince Edward Island and Nova Scotia.

More than 60% of the province’s land area lies within the Canadian Shield. In the Labrador Peninsula, the far northern region consists of Arctic tundra inhabited mostly by the Inuit. Further south lie subarctic taiga and boreal forest.

The most populated region is the St Lawrence River valley in the south. The region is low-lying and flat, and the combination of rich and easily arable soils and the province’s warmest climate make the valley Quebec’s most prolific agricultural area. The distinctive landscape is divided into narrow rectangular tracts of land that date back to settlement patterns in 17th century New France.

There are more than 130,000 rivers and 1 million lakes and waterways in Quebec. The St. Lawrence River is the province’s dominant geographical feature and one of the world’s largest rivers. It is 65 km wide in its estuary, and roughly 1,200 km in length.

Rare Bird Alert Hotlines

Montreal – English (514) 844-5225
Montreal – French (514) 978-8849
Eastern Quebec – French (418) 660-9089
Sagueny – French (418) 696-1868
Bas St Laurent – French (418) 725-5118
Western Quebec – French (819) 778-0737

Quebec Web Links

Bird Protection Quebec

Where Do You Want To Go Birding in Quebec?

Birding Pals Quebec

Quebec Breeding Bird Atlas

4 Responses to Birds of Quebec

  1. Dan says:

    Rare siting of water birds every fall in Quebec close to Maniwaki . They look like loons maybe even penguins . They come in numbers 20-30 and synchronize fish on our lake every November. We see them only for a few weeks then they are gone. Very difficult to get close to them for a photo. They appear to be dark with white breasts and white on the side of their heads. Today I noticed 5-6 swimming that were slightly smaller with no white markings. Does anyone have an idea of what type of water bird they may be?

  2. Terry says:

    Would someone please check koa Quebec campground for rusty blackbirds _I saw what I think were rusty blackbirds there,__but I would like confirmation_thanks

  3. Sixten Hillerhag says:

    Nice page! im from sweden and our landscapes are kind of the same as canada. I want to visti canada some time and do some bird watching!

  4. Mark Dennis says:


    Great blog to browse. Good to see other Canadian blogs, I don’t think there are many in Quebec (in English). Keep up the good work.

    Best wishes


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