Birds of Prince Edward Island

PEI Provincial Bird Blue Jay

Birds of Prince Edward Island Specialties

  • Blue jay
  • Great blue heron

305 species in 43 families

Prince Edward Island lies in the Gulf of St Lawrence, separated from Nova Scotia to the south and New Brunswick to the west by the Northumberland Strait. It is a crescent shaped island 224 kilometres in length and varies from 6-64 kilometres in width. The total area of the province is 5,660 square kilometres, and its highest point is 152 metres above sea level.

Prince Edward Island is noted for its rich red soil, sand dunes and 800 kilometres of beaches. The rich soil and temperate climate make the island ideal for mixed farming, and the province is known as “the Garden Province,” or the Garden of the Gulf.”

The island’s landscape is pastoral: rolling hills, pristine forests, reddish white sand beaches, ocean coves and the famous red soil have given Prince Edward Island a reputation as a province of outstanding natural beauty.

The coastline consists of a combination of long beaches, dunes, red sandstone cliffs, salt water marshes and numerous bays and harbours. Large dune fields on the north shore can be found on barrier islands at the entrances to various bays and harbours. The dune system is home to a variety of birds and rare plants and is also a site of significant archaeological interest.

Prince Edward Island Web Links

PEI Winter Bird List

Natural History Society of Prince Edward Island

Where Do You Want To Go Birding in PEI?

Birding Pals in Prince Edward Island

Maritimes Breeding Bird Atlas

2 Responses to Birds of Prince Edward Island

  1. The National Wildlife Federation has a program on certifying your yard as wildlife friendly, along with helpful tips to creating a bird friendly yard. A good rule of thumb is to plant native trees, flowers, and shrubs.

  2. Brenda Graves says:

    I am new to PEI and spotted 4 birds unfamiliar to me. I researched and found them to be gray partridges, an introduced species. I feed goldfinches and these birds, who hide out in a clump of low growing yews near my home, found uneaten black oil sunflower seeds. I now sprinkle some daily for them although crows and blue jays also partake in this food, naturally. Could you direct me to any nurseries that might be able to guide me in my attempts to make my one acre property a bird friendly habitat. Thank you for your time.

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