Birds of Nova Scotia Specialties
- American golden plover
- Double-crested cormorant
- Black-headed gull
- American crow
429 species in 47 families
One of Canada’s Maritime Provinces, Nova Scotia is located on its southeastern coast. The province’s 580 kilometre peninsula is surrounded by four bodies of water – the Atlantic Ocean, with Newfoundland to the north and east; the Bay of Fundy, with New Brunswick across the bay to the east; the Northumberland Strait, the Gulf of St. Lawrence, and Prince Edward Island to the north; and the Gulf of Maine and the United States to the south and west.
With an area of 55,491 square kilometres, its average width of 128 km means that no part of the province is far from the sea. Nova Scotia is a montage of craggy headlands, quiet harbours and beautiful ocean beaches.
Cape Breton Island, a large island to the northeast of the Nova Scotia mainland, is also part of the province, as is Sable Island, a small island notorious for its shipwrecks, approximately 175 km (95 nautical miles) from the province’s southern coast.
Nova Scotia is framed by the rocky Atlantic Uplands, the Cape Breton Highlands and the wooded Cobequid Hills. The agricultural areas are predominantly lowlands. When the glacial ice withdrew from coastal Nova Scotia 15,000 years ago, the ocean flooded ancient river valleys and carved out hundreds of small protected harbours which became fishing ports.
Nova Scotia Web Links
Do you want to know what’s been seen, and where? Connect with other birders on a mailing list!