Birds of Newfoundland & Labrador Specialties
- Atlantic puffin
- Thick-billed murre
- Northern gannet
- Black guillemot
363 species in 44 families
The province of Newfoundland and Labrador consists of the island of Newfoundland, mainland Labrador and over seven thousand small islands. The province’s total area is 405,720 square kilometres.
The island of Newfoundland is separated from the mainland by the Strait of Belle Isle in the north and by the wider Cabot Strait in the south. Most of the island of Newfoundland lies below the 50th parallel.
Labrador is bordered by northeastern Quebec and is approximately two and a half times as large as the island. It comprises 72.5 percent of the land area of the province, but contains only 5.3 percent of the population. Labrador’s extreme northern tip shares a short border with Nunavut. Labrador’s area (including associated small islands) is 294,330 square kilometers. Labrador is the most eastern part of the Canadian Shield, the vast area of ancient metamorphic rock comprising much of northeastern North America.
The Long Range Mountains on Newfoundland’s west coast are the north easternmost extension of the Appalachian Mountains. Newfoundland has a rolling, rugged topography with much of the island as well as southern and central Labrador covered by thick boreal forest, broken by numerous lakes and swift-flowing rivers.
Newfoundland & Labrador Web Links