Birds of New Brunswick

NB Provincial Bird Black-capped Chickadee

Birds of New Brunswick Specialties

  • Black-capped chickadee
  • Black-legged kittiwake
  • Swainson’s thrush
  • Osprey
  • Pine grosbeak
  • Fieldfare
  • American black duck
  • Piping plover
  • Common tern
  • Yellow-bellied flycatcher

389 species in 45 families

New Brunswick is situated on the eastern Atlantic coast of Canada. It is bounded on the north by Quebec’s Gaspe Peninsula and Chaleur Bay, and to the east by the island of Nova Scotia, which is connected to New Brunswick by a narrow isthmus. The south of the province is bounded by the Bay of Fundy, which has the highest tides in the world with a rise of 16 m.

New Brunswick has a landmass of 73,500 square kilometres, 85% of which is forest. The northern part of the province is quite mountainous. The interior consists mainly of a rolling plateau, flatter in the east and hillier in the southeast with elevations above 600 metres.
The southern landscape is characterized by hills sloping down to tidal marshes at the edge of the Bay of Fundy, whereas the eastern and central portions of the province consist of rolling hills cut by river valleys.

New Brunswick lies entirely within the Appalachian Mountain range. The northwestern part of the province is comprised of the remote and more rugged Miramichi Highlands, as well as the Chaleur Uplands and the Notre Dame Mountains with a maximum elevation of 820 metres.

Rare Bird Alert Hotlines

Moncton – French (506) 532-2873
Province Wide – English (506) 382-3825

New Brunswick Web Links

New Brunswick Winter Bird List

New Brunswick Federation of Naturalists

Where Do You Want To Go Birding in NB?

Birding Pals New Brunswick

Maritimes Breeding Bird Atlas

20 Responses to Birds of New Brunswick

  1. Pat Bumstead says:

    Audubon does not do a good job with birds in Canada, which I’ve noticed on many species. If you check ebird Canada you’ll see there are a huge number of merlin sightings in New Brunswick. This little falcon is one of the most common across Canada so that is likely what you saw. If you check you can see a series of photos and listen to the call of the merlin. That should help narrow down your ID!

  2. Jeff Leger says:

    I am trying to identify a larger bird nesting atop a pine trees in my yard. We back on a forested area just south of Fredericton. The subdivision is only two blocks wide so there is plenty of forest. Through my binoculars the feeding bird looks and sounds similar to a Merlin but I have my doubts based on Audobon’s website description of locale and nesting habits.

    Any thoughts would be appreciated.

    Thank you.

    Jeff Leger
    New Maryland, NB

  3. Marilyn Stevens says:

    Just saw probably over a hundred either cedar waxings or Bohemian waxwings on our street in Moncton, today, February 16, 2016 an they were in he trees by also in puddles on the street and I had to stop as they wouldn’t leave the puddle so got to watch them playing in the water…hundreds of them, all with the yellow band tail and red on them as well. Is it normal for them to be here and do anyone else see them. Curious!

  4. Pat Bumstead says:

    I’ve added your group to all the Maritime birding pages! Thanks for letting us know about it.

  5. Please add the Facebook Group, Birding in Atlantic Canada to your list, and thank you!

  6. Pat Bumstead says:

    As long as robins can find berries to eat, they can suffer through a Canadian winter! We have had them reported in every month of the year here.

  7. Pauline Godbout Santerre says:

    Hi, I have also seen a red Groesbeck & some Robins in my yard. On top of Chickadees. Never seen Robins in the winter here in Campbellton NB, nor Groesbeck. Will they survive our frigid cold temperatures? We have some extreme wind-chills , ex. – 35 to – 42 Celsius..

  8. carol says:

    Hi ! this is so strange, but there is a group of grosbeaks in our apple tree (that part is normal) and there is a robin (!) with them. It is January 31st. He is eating the apples and travelling with the Grosbeaks. Is this normal ? Thanks.

  9. Hi Sharon, feel free to send it to me.

  10. sharon says:

    I saw this bird fly into my backyard tree, scoudouc N.B. not sure what it is or if it even belongs here, wanted to send a picture so maybe some one could tell me what it is, but i do not see any where to send a picture, could you please help and let me know where or who i could send a pic. too. Thank you

  11. Pat Bumstead says:

    Sorry, I don’t know. You could check the Nova Scotia Bird Society website at

  12. Eric Matheson says:

    My family will be in Sackville for a wedding the first week of July and then plan to spend another week exploring the coastline between Sackville and Bathurst for the following week. Being from Kenora, Ontario, the opportunity to go on a short ( 1-3 hour) pelagic bird watching cruise would be a wonderful. Any suggestions of what might be available or who I might contact?

  13. Aimee Cringan says:

    I just saw a small grey bide about the size of a chickadee that had long white whiskers. It’s was slate grey and was picking up small debris from trees right in front of my door. It looked like a mouse. I can’t seem to find anything like it on the internet. Has anyone ever seen anything like this before?

  14. David Huntington says:

    I just saw 4 or 5 rare birds below my feeders in Memramcook. The looked like redpolls with snowy chests.

    Before I had the camera ready they flew, it was the snow plow. I found a picture that suggests they were Hoary Redpolls (arctic birds?), a long way south and east.

    I hope they show up again.

  15. We have an official provincial FACEBOOK page for New Brunswick ….its here: http/ or find it with FACEBOOK BIRDING NB OISEAUX NB

  16. Wendy Wright says:

    I was just wondering if it is normal to see a large flock of well over one hundred robins on your lawn in January? I have never seen this in my lifetime. It was amazing to watch them all. I mostly see up to 5 on my lawn from March on but never this early. They were accompanied by four blue jays. I live in Beaver Harbour NB.

  17. Robin Whittaker says:

    I have been seeing this hawk at Petersville all spring and summer right up until today September 13th. I make the trip to Oromocto once a week and keep an eye out for him. He is usually spotted somewhere between Coleman Brook and the graveyard just past the exit at Petersville. I suspect he likes that area because of the telephone poles and some field area. However, today I saw him about 5 miles past Petersville, and only by accident, high up on a tree beside the road. I have been trying to identify him as he has a lot of white and I am looking at photos of a ferrunginous hawk, but from what I have read so far they are usually seen in the prairies.
    I am curious now and will keep researching. I will take the camera next week in the hope of seeing him and getting a photo.

  18. Yesterday while working at a customers house, I saw a Turkey Vulture in Shepody, NB. This large bird is very impressive in size, and flight.

  19. Jack Myers says:

    I live in Edmundston N.B. Last week a white Pelican was spotted on Long Lake in St Agatha Maine. Article was reported in FiddleHead Focus. he Lake is about 5 miles s the crow flies.

  20. jean Mowatt says:

    just saw a hawk type as I approached Petersville Hill June 20/13 at 4pm. Sun was starting to go toward treetops. The hawk was magnificant. It’s head and breast was white, beak beige, and wing shoulders tight to it’s body was fawn colour. The bird appeared to be larger than smaller hawks and closer to the size of an osprey. Any ideas?

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