The Tar Sands, a Forest, a Billion Birds

In June 2012 I submitted my concerns about Enbridge’s Northern Gateway Pipeline (NGP) to the Joint Review Panel of the National Energy Board (NEB). As I told the panel then, “Honestly, I’d rather be bird-watching, but sometimes there’s just no choice.”

Enbridge tanks

Images of Canada Geese on Enbridge’s oil storage tanks. Very annoying.

Of the 1161 citizens who made submissions to the NEB, two were in favour of the project. Nonetheless, in December 2013 the NEB approved the pipeline and sent it to the federal government for a final decision. Six months later, when Prime Minister Harper approved the pipeline, I thought of all those migrating geese that had already suffocated in tar sands tailing ponds. If you have the stomach for it, the article that follows includes a video of ducks struggling to get out of a tailings pond owned by Syncrude Canada Ltd in 2010. http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/national/no-charges-to-be-laid-in-case-of-duck-deaths-on-tailings-pond/article4590596/

Then I thought about the Boreal Forest, breeding grounds for at least 325 bird species, nearly half the species found in North America. Billions of birds.

The Boreal Forest. Photo by Olga Oslina. CC-image.

The Boreal Forest. Photo by Olga Oslina. CC-image.

It’s also home to the Tar Sands.

The Tar Sands

The Tar Sands

I thought about the slow and painful death of democracy in Canada.

Then I thought about my beloved coastline, about what an oil spill will do to coastal communities, to the sea birds and mammals and ocean, to the 127,000 people who work in the BC tourism industry. http://credbc.ca/role-energy-sector-bcs-economy/.

Brickyard Beach on Gabriola, part of the Bird Studies Canada Beached Bird Survey program

Brickyard Beach on Gabriola, part of the Bird Studies Canada Beached Bird Survey program

I ranted. I raved. I cried.

It’s three years later; I’d still rather be spending my spare time watching birds.

Great Blue Heron at Reifel Bird Sanctuary in Delta BC

Great Blue Heron at Reifel Bird Sanctuary in Delta BC

Instead, though, I’m here – writing, grieving, getting angry all over again as I try to decide whether or not to participate in the Public Hearing for the Trans Mountain Pipeline Expansion (TMPE).

The National Energy Board accepted my application to comment on this project over a year ago. The rules had changed by this time. Applicants now have to demonstrate (via a 10 page application form) that they’re either “directly affected” by the project (what coastal resident isn’t?) and/or have “relevant information or expertise”. In my application to comment I ticked both boxes then wrote about the impact of Kinder Morgan’s proposed pipeline expansion on the more than one billion birds, including twenty-four priority bird species that migrate along the Pacific Flyway and the more than seventy species that make their home on or migrate through Gabriola Island, my home.

I wrote about my concern over oil spills and the fact that even one drop of oil can be lethal and that a significant percentage of birds die even after being cleaned. (http://news.nationalgeographic.com/news/2010/06/100608-gulf-oil-spill-birds-science-environment/).

Oiled birds after Exxon Valdez spill. CC license.

Oiled birds after Exxon Valdez spill. CC license.

I wrote about the chronic oiling of seabirds and mammals, oiling that will increase dramatically as the number of tankers leaving Burrard Inlet and heading down the Strait of Juan de Fuca, passing through several internationally-recognized Important Bird Areas, rises to over four hundred a year. I mentioned that these IBAs are critical for the maintenance of the world’s bird populations because they support millions of nesting, wintering, and migrating birds.

Since the NGP hearings, things have gotten worse. The Harper government (perhaps fearing that the NEB might be infiltrated by a bunch of radical birders?) included an amendment in its infamous omnibus bill C-38 stating that even if the NEB should recommend against a project, the federal government has the final say. To make matters even more depressing, the NEB took the “Public” out of “Public Hearing”. You can read about that here – if you’re up to more bad news: https://ca.news.yahoo.com/blogs/dailybrew/restrictive-neb-pipeline-hearing-rules-violate-charter-free-000011109.html

I’m not alone in my outrage. Expert intervenors and commenters are dropping like flies as the deadline to submit approaches. http://www.news1130.com/2015/06/07/cant-do-anything-to-make-kinder-morgan-hearing-appear-fair-neb/

Recently energy executive Marc Eliesen, an intervenor who withdrew, called the hearing process “jury-rigged with a pre-determined outcome“, “a public deception” by an “industry captured regulator.” (http://www.desmog.ca/2014/11/03/energy-executive-quits-trans-mountain-pipeline-review-calls-NEB-process-public-deception).

The deadline to make my submission to the NEB is July 23 and a big part of me doesn’t want to play the game. What, I ask myself, is the point? … Then I think of the birds. Somebody has to speak for them, right?

Black-headed Grosbeak at our suet feeder

Black-headed Grosbeak at our suet feeder

The problem I face now is that much of what I’d want to say is verboten. NEB rules no longer allow commenters to mention, for example, climate change. (!!) Yet, according to the 2014 Climate Report by the Audubon Society, it’s climate change – fueled to a considerable extent by tar sands oil production in Canada – that “seriously threatens bird species across Canada and the United States”. The report, “314 Species on the Brink”, warns that “half of all birds studied could see their populations drop dramatically on account of climate change.” (http://climate.audubon.org/)

Among the species identified as “severely threatened” due to habitat destruction brought on by climate change are some of my favourite backyard birds:

Varied Thrush female

Varied Thrush female in our yard

82% of the Varied Thrush’s summer range and 44% of its winter range has been lost due to climate change.

Hairy Woodpecker in our back yard

Hairy Woodpecker in our back yard

The Hairy Woodpecker has lost 78% of its summer range and and 30% of its winter range.

Hermit Thrush. Photo by Garry Davey.

Hermit Thrush. Photo by Garry Davey. (Thank you.)

The Hermit Thrush has lost 74% of its summer range and 31% of its winter range.

Western Tanager in our front yard, migrating through

Western Tanager in our front yard, migrating through

The Western Tanager has lost 70% of its summer range and 37% of its winter range.

A nest of Violet-green Swallows at Folklife Village, Gabriola Island.

A nest of Violet-green Swallows at Folklife Village, Gabriola Island.

The Violet-Green Swallow has lost 65% of its summer range and 38% of its winter range.

Pair of Common Ravens at Scarlett Point BC. Photo by Ivan Dubinsky. (Thank you.)

Pair of Common Ravens at Scarlett Point BC. Photo by Ivan Dubinsky. (Thank you.)

The Common Raven has lost 62% of its summer range and 35% of its winter range.

Northern Saw-whet Owl. Photo by Gary Stolz. USF&W photo. (Thank you.)

Northern Saw-whet Owl. Photo by Gary Stolz. USF&W photo. (Thank you.)

Some birds, including the Northern Saw-whet Owl have lost 100% of their winter range.

Trumpter Swans passing through Gabriola. Photo by Eileen Kaarsmaker. (Thank you.)

Trumpter Swans passing through Gabriola. Photo by Eileen Kaarsmaker. (Thank you.)

Others, including the Trumpeter Swan, have lost 100% of their summer range.

Even though birds are pretty good at adapting to their environment, the climate is changing faster than their capacity to adapt. The Cornell Lab of Ornithology Yard Map folks explain: “Birds have a relationship with habitat that is often delicately intertwined with climate. As the climate slowly shifts so does the make-up of their habitats, sometimes removing expected food sources, favorite nesting locations, or sources of water. As warmer winter temperatures become more common, one way for some animals to adjust is to shift their ranges northward. But a new study of 59 North American bird species indicates that doing so is not easy or quick—it took about 35 years for many birds to move far enough north for winter temperatures to match where they historically lived. … Most likely, birds are not shifting their range faster because the vegetation they rely on as a part of their habitat shifts very slowly.”  http://content.yardmap.org/learn/habitat-defined/climate-change/  Gary Langham, lead investigator of the Audobon Climate Project, summarizes the issue: “Birds have wings. Trees don’t.”

The sad conclusion of the report is that unabated climate change is “likely to lead to the decline of bird populations across North America and, in some cases, outright extinction.”

Submitting my concerns about the Trans Mountain Pipeline expansion without talking about climate change would be like discussing the obesity epidemic without mentioning the fast food industry. Or grappling with the plight of the First Nations in Canada without mentioning the residential school system.

But that’s not all. Not only is the NEB not interested in hearing about climate change, in its own words, it “does not intend to consider the environmental and socio-economic effects associated with upstream activities, the development of oil sands, or the downstream use of the oil transported by the pipeline.”

Yikes. I am not permitted to voice my outrage about all those toxic tailings ponds where so many birds suffocate and die every year? (Luckily, I did have an opportunity to that, to some extent, here, thanks to BirdCanada: http://www.birdcanada.com/drilling-for-oil-in-the-nursery/).

And I can’t mention my worry over the increase in the number of huge Aframax tankers that would ply their way down the west coast, home of the Pacific Flyway, just inviting an oil spill destined to devastate the human and animal communities along my beloved coast – for decades? (https://dogwoodinitiative.org/no-tankers/learn-more/more-info/kinder-morgan-backgrounder)

Just what – of any import – would I say? What would YOU say?

I wonder: what would one of those Mallards suffocating in a tailings pond say? Or one of the Trumpeter Swans that have lost all their summer range? Or one of the 325 species that breed in the boreal forest? Maybe I’ll speak for them, say whatever I darn well please. After all, they don’t know the rules have changed.

All photos are property of the author unless otherwise noted. 

 

Posted in Bird Canada, Boreal Forest Birds, Global Warming | Tagged , , , , , , , , , , | 10 Comments

Notes From a Northwestern Ontario Backyard

THacheHello from Manitouwadge, in Northwestern Ontario.

I will soon be contributing to Bird Canada on the 20th of each month, mostly about bird sightings in, near or around  my yard but sometimes, maybe my flowers too!

Just so you know, I am nowhere near being a professional birder or ornithologist … not even close!  But I do love to watch the birds in my own backyard and area.  I write a weekly birdwatching column for my little local newspaper, an article called Notes From the Bird Lady.  In it, I post about my sightings, mostly in my own yard but also of where ever I may happen to go.

Manitouwadge is in the Canadian Shield and Boreal Forest.  We see some amazing species up here year round.  This area is special enough that, since I’m a long term Project FeederWatch member, Cornell Lab of Ornithology selected my feeder station for placement of one of their web cams.  It is set specifically for Project FeederWatch and the webcam has been online from late October to mid April the past 4 years.

I hope you enjoy my future posts from my own backyard and whatever else happens to catch my eye!

backyard

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Birding the west, east and south of Canada…and even a little further!

The past month I’ve been hitting the birding pretty hard trying to capture as much of the spring action as I can. A highlight of the month for my first ever trip to the famous spring migrant trap – Ontario’s Point Pelee National Park located on the northern coast of Lake Erie, and also famous for being the most southerly point in Canada! Flying into Windsor in mid-May, I based myself in Leamington which is only a 15 minute drive away. One of the first birds I encountered was the Common Grackle, and there were a lot of them! This particular one pulled a rather dramatic pose as I focused on it and snapped away:TH1D4733d&b-crop2-fb

And in a relatively un-dramatic pose:TH1D4708The mornings I was there were quite foggy and the light was quite dull, especially in the forested areas, however I was able to get some shots of sparrows, grosbeaks and thrushes:

A Lincoln's Sparrow - small flocks of these patrolled the forest floor.

A Lincoln’s Sparrow – small flocks of these patrolled the forest floor.

Veery - a bird of the thrush family.

Veery – a bird of the thrush family.

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A male Rose-breasted Grosbeak

On an even more colourful note, this shot from Pelee – this time a Yellow Warbler. I was packing my gear into my vehicle after a long afternoon of birding when I noticed this fellow ‘attacking’ the hood of the car next to mine. It seems he thought his reflection was a rival male…he must have been surprised to find someone whose tenacity was matched only by his own!:TH1D4810-fb

But alas my main target – warblers other than the Yellow variety – were not overly abundant (at least that I could locate) and almost all were high in the tree canopy making for less than pleasing photographic opportunities. So, having noticed that another ‘warbler mecca’, Ohio’s Magee Marsh preserve on the south side of Lake Erie, was only about 2 hours’ drive away I decided to pay a visit…boy was I glad I did!  I know this is the Bird Canada site, but it seems sinful not to share some of the warbler riches I photographed there, especially since many of them also breed in Canada…so please indulge me just a little:

Magnolia Warbler

Magnolia Warbler

 

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Chestnut-sided Warbler

Blackpoll Warbler

Blackpoll Warbler

Canada Warbler

Canada Warbler – a shy bird that did not like coming out in the open. This was the clearest shot I got in over an hour of trying!

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One final highlight from Magee…a beautiful male Bay-breasted Warbler.

From a photography perspective, shooting warblers at Magee was much more preferable as there much less tall trees and therefore the birds were often much lower down. That said, the crowds were also quadruple the size of Pelee which made for pretty busy boardwalks and trails at times.

Returning to Calgary, it was time to catch up some of the local action. The lakes, ponds and marshes were still very active with many birds actively courting, displaying, ‘making little birds’ or just showing off their breeding plumage:

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A male Canvasback airing out its wings

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Marbled Godwit – Weed Lake

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The ever-wary Pied-billed Grebe.

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Female Northern Shoveller

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A Greater (maybe Lesser) Scaup drake

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A female Lesser Scaup

A Gadwall in full flight

A Gadwall in full flight

Two of my favourite birds – stilts and avocets – were very active:TH1D7691d&b-fb

 

Chasing away a Stilt...

Chasing away a Stilt…

...to get some privacy...

…to get some privacy…

...then lovingly rubbing bills. The male looked to have a spring in his step too!

…then lovingly rubbing bills. The male looked to have a spring in his step too!

And lots of action from the Black-necked Stilts too:

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Mirror-like conditions on a crisp, still morning.

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Chasing away another stilt pair that came too close!

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The stilts also share the avocets’ habit of rubbing bills post-mating

I was also happy to get my first decent looks at Red-necked Phalaropes in breeding plumage:TH7D9658-fb TH7D9624-crop-fb TH7D9588-fb

and a Wilson’s Phalarope that was nearby for comparison:TH1D6699

While the omnipresent Red-winged Blackbirds are always characters and fun to shoot to what poses and faces they might pull:

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A male Red-winged Blackbird in full display mode!

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A female Red-winged Blackbird, just as chirpy as the males!

Finally, a weekend trip to Waterton Lake National Park on Alberta’s southern border yielded yet another personal highlight – the Harlequin Duck:TH1D8006d&b-flickr-fb

I had been looking for bears but after 90 mins I’d seen a whole lot of nothing, so started heading for home. About a minute later I saw 4 folks carrying telephoto lenses coming down the road toward me ‘walking with a purpose’, so I stopped and asked if they’d seen anything. They responded, ‘Oh we’re birdwatchers’ and I replied ‘Same here’, and they then proceeded to tell me they had spied two male Harlequins heading upstream in our direction so they kindly let me join them and about two minutes later we got a wonderful swim/fly-by ! I was also very surprised that the birds were swimming upstream against the fast current, but it also meant they moved fairly slowly giving me time to better get them in focus.TH1D7946d&b-crop-fb1 TH1D7917d&b-fb TH1D8043d&b-crop-fb

Looking ahead to the summer, for me this means a lot of family camping trips to provincial parks in southern Alberta, so I hope to be able to showcase an even greater variety of birds next time!

Cheers,

Tim.

Posted in Bird Canada | 2 Comments

How to Create a Wild Bird Garden Haven

To attract birds to your backyard, you will need to provide the three main conditions to help them thrive: shelter, food, water. We all know that birdbaths and birdfeeders will attract our feathered friends to our neighbourhood. In addition, there are things you can keep in mind while you plan for your landscaping and flower beds this spring that will make your yard bird-friendly year-round.goldfinch-on-eveprimroseHere is a list of plants that offer different bird-attractive features to implement into your landscape. All the plants listed will grow in New Brunswick, but please check which gardening zone covers your area to make sure they are hardy for your yard.

Trees and Shrubs for Shelter and Food
(whether used as single specimens, in groups or as a hedge)

Brown_ThrasherServiceberry (Amelanchier spp.), Mountain Ash (Sorbus spp.), Hazelnut (Corylus spp.), Holly (Ilex spp.), wild Cherry (Prunus spp.), Sumac (Rhus spp.), Currants (Ribes spp.), Roses that produce rose hips (Rosa rugosa), Blackberries (Rubus spp.), American Elderberry (Sambucus canadensis), Blueberries (Vaccinium spp.), Highbush Cranberry (Viburnum trilobum), Hawthorn (Cratagus spp.), Barberry (Berberis spp.), Coral Beauty (Cotoneaster ‘Coral Beauty’), Burning Bush, the dwarf variety (Euonymus alatus ‘Compactus’), and Weigela spp.

branch-with-red-berries-on-the-riveYou can also incorporate Vines in your hedge or on trellises that birds love, such as American Bittersweet (Celastrus scandens), Honeysuckle (Lonicera spp.), Grapes (Vitis spp.), Virginia Creeper (Parthenocissus quinquefolia), climbing Roses, Trumpetvine (Campsis radicans), Clematis spp., and Morning Glory (Ipomea spp.).

Passion-FlowerYou can plant any combination of the above options in a mixed or a single specimen format, trim them to keep them small if you wish, and delight in the abundance of berries and fruits that they produce for your fall and winter visitors.

Perennials and Annuals In Containers and Garden Beds

Bearberry (Arctostaphylos uva-ursi), Garden Primrose (Oenothera spp.), Phlox varieties, Milkweed (Asclepias spp.), Cone Flower & Black-eyed Susan (Echinacea, Rudbeckia), Sunflower (Helianthus spp.), Blanket Flower (Gaillardia), Coreopsis, Marigolds (Tagetes), Joe-Pye-Weed (Eupatorium spp.), Globe Thistle (Echinops), Yarrow (Achillea spp.), Aster, Osteospermum, Calendula, Chrysanthemum, Artemisia, Erigeron, Forget-me-not (Myosotis), Heliotrope, Borage, Lavender (Lavandula spp.), Passion Flower (Passiflora), Fuchsia, Lamb’s Ears (Stachys spp.), and all the herbs such as Catnip, Sage, Parsley, Rosemary, etc.

These flowering plants are most especially attractive to Hummingbirds:

Wandflower (Gaura lindheimeri), Daylilies (Hemerocallis spp. and varieties), Columbine (Aquilegia spp.), Pineapple Sage (Salvia elegans), Penstemon, Beebalm (Monarda didyma), Cardinal Flower (Lobelia cardinalis), Coral Bells (Heuchera spp.), Peony (Paenioa spp.), Hibiscus, Garden Phlox (Phlox paniculata), Echinacea spp., Oriental Poppy (Papaver spp.).

EchinaceaNow onto the Seed-Bearing Trees that attract birds. Many of these trees also attract Wood Warblers in the spring with their flowers where they find the first insects coming out of hibernation.

Maple, including Box Elder (Acer negundo): Finch, Grosbeak, Chickadee and Nuthatch.
Birch (Betula spp): Finch, Chickadee, Crossbill, Pine Siskin, Redpoll, Fox & Tree Sparrow.
Catalpa: Cardinal, Finch, Grosbeak.

House-SparrowAspen, Poplar, Cottonwood (Populus spp): Crossbill, Finch, Quail
Willow (Salix spp.) for their buds: Grosbeak, Grouse, Redpoll.

Grasses ~ Make a Grass Bed for Seed-Eaters

pheasant-w-grassesPlant these grasses in a site that gets full sun, and make sure you dig down to a depth of at least 6 inches. No need to fertilise. They are fast growing, but keep the seeds moist to help with germination. Make your grass area square or rectangular, and place a marker to show that it’s not just a neglected part of your garden, but a controlled plant bed. These are some of the most bird-loved grasses for their seeds.

Crabgrass (Digitaria): Chipping & Song Sparrows
Switchgrass: Panicum virgatum
Millet: Panicum miliaceum
Canaray Grass: Phalaris canariensis
Foxtails: Setaria spp.
Milo: Sorghum bicolour
Wheat: Triticum spp.
Annual Ryegrass: Lolium multiflorum

This is by no means the last word on what you can plant to attract birds, but it’s a start. I hope you have great birding days while you watch all the birds that come to enjoy the blooms, seeds and fruits from your landscape, containers and garden beds.

Many thanks to these references:

Backyard Bird Feeder’s Bible, Sally Roth, Rodale Press, 2000.

Jean Sorensen: http://landscapenewbrunswick.com/winters-bounty-of-beautiful-berries/

Birds and Blooms website: http://www.birdsandblooms.com/gardening/drought-tolerant-gardening/top-10-low-maintenance-perennials/

Lotus Land: http://www.lotusland.org/learn-green-practices/attracting-beneficial-bugs-birds-and-butterflies/

Raymonde Savoie in Moncton, New Brunswick

Posted in Bird Canada, Birding Trips, Canadian Birds, Hummingbirds, Wood Warblers | Leave a comment

The Characters

Sapsucker and downspout

A wake-up call on the downspout at 5:15 AM.

Each spring I look forward to a couple of characters to return to our yard. The first generally indicates his presence with the squeaky voice sounding like a child’s lost toy. Next, I usually hear him drumming on whatever might be the loudest thing he can find in the neighbourhood. From then on it is always the question of where he might be drumming next? This is the bird that looks like the local clown; the Yellow-bellied Sapsucker.

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On the Barbeque.

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On the neighbours old snowblower.

Sapsucker calling

Calling and drumming on the guard rail.

 

On his heels, he is closely followed by the Ruby-throated Hummingbird. This is another character that generally keeps us entertained throughout the summer by keeping an eye on what happens to be flowering as well as chasing and protecting “his” feeders from his completion including other males, perhaps mates and offspring.

R-t Hummingbird2

Back for the summer.

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“I can keep an eye on that feeder from here.”

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“Lookin’ my best!”

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“Maybe if I sit here, I can keep those bums away.”

Between these two characters, we will be busy all summer.

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A Lovely Bouquet of Crows

Have you seen the cartoon  – on Facebook recently – with two crows sitting on a beam in the middle of an expanse of lawn, looking off into the distance, for … something? Being a lover of both birds and words, I laughed like crazy. Not everyone does, apparently.

A birder joke

A birder joke

Crows are in the news in Vancouver these days, as they are every spring, as they protect their nests from potential predators, including humans walking down the sidewalk. You can read about the current “bit of a war zone” (in the words of George Clulow, president of B.C. Field Ornithologists) here: http://news.nationalpost.com/news/canada/they-do-draw-blood-crows-are-terrorizing-pedestrians-in-a-vancouver-neighbourhood

 

Crow in Stanley Park. Photo by Doug Walkley.

Northwestern Crow in Stanley Park.  Photo by Doug Walkley.

 

Personally, I adore corvids, crows included. And I’m in good company. Van Gogh, for example, immortalized them in this 1890 painting.

Vincent van Gogh - Wheat Field with Crows (1890)

Vincent van Gogh – Wheat Field with Crows (1890)

 

And when I took a Cornell Lab webinair called The Secret Lives of Crows the instructor, Dr. Kevin McGowan, urged us to avoid the term “a murder of crows” on the basis that it’s unscientific and perjorative. He’d prefer, he said, “a bouquet of crows.” McGowan has done more than 25 years of research in Ithaca New York, home of Sapsucker Woods and the Cornell Lab of Ornithology on the social and reproductive behaviour of the American Crow (Corvus brachyrhynchos) – so I bow to his recommendation.

American Crow - wikipedia image

American Crow – wikipedia image

There are many corvids on Gabriola Island but most of them are Common Ravens or Steller’s Jays.

Common Raven

Common Raven – note the shaggy throat

 

Steller's Jay relaxing on our back deck

Steller’s Jay relaxing on our back deck

 

During the 2014 Christmas Bird Count (CBC) only 8 crows were counted here – versus 96 ravens and 35 jays. The crows we do have are the Northwestern Crow (Corvus caurinus) which is slightly smaller than the American Crow and has a more nasal call but “is so similar that the two may in fact be the same species.” (http://www.allaboutbirds.org/guide/Northwestern_Crow/id) Given the similarities, I think it’s fair to assume that McGowan’s findings apply to our crows too.

Northwestern Crow. Photo by Dick Daniels, CC license.

Northwestern Crow. Photo by Dick Daniels, CC license.

 

In Nanaimo, the city just across the strait, over 1000 crows made the 2014 CBC. Well, crows do prefer cities. They started moving into them, in large numbers, in the 1980s. McGowan explained that this press into urban environments was due in part to the fact that hunting is banned in cities. The sad fact is that crows have been hunted – by both farmers and “sport” hunters – since the dawn of time, and still are. In BC, crows are one of a select group of “Schedule C” birds that are not protected under the BC Wildlife Act – along with black-billed magpies, European starlings, house sparrows, rock doves and brown-headed cowbirds.

So, who can blame the crows, intelligent, social, family-oriented corvids that they are, for choosing to leave the countryside?  Besides safety from hunters, city living offers the advantages of readily-available food (crows have adapted to scavenging our leftovers) and fewer predators, including raccoons, squirrels, owls, and hawks.

Crows in parking lot in Nanaimo eating a dead bird.

Crows in parking lot in Nanaimo eating a dead bird.

 

McGowan’s research shows that city and suburban nests are subject to less predation than rural nests and that 57% of city nests compared to 48% of rural nests are successful. There are disadvantages, though, to leaving one’s home in the country.

Three Crows. Photo by Junior Libby. CC license.

Three Crows. Photo by Junior Libby. CC license.

 

For one thing, that city ‘fast food’ is less easily digestible than the crow’s natural diet of invertebrates, fish, snakes, frogs, small birds and mammals, bird eggs, nestlings, fruit and seeds. And besides being less nutritious, the garbage that crows ingest in cities also carries the risk of contamination. This may not be a big deal for an adult crow but it can be deadly for a nestling.

In the end, though, the advantages and disadvantages of the two habitats appear to cancel each other out in terms of nesting success, and they end up with the same number of fledglings.  Still, even though fewer rural babies survive, the ones that do are bigger than their city counterparts.  They’re heavier by 40-50 grams, have longer legs and bills, and possibly (although this not yet proven) larger brains.  McGowan and his team wondered: what makes the difference? Turns out it’s all that good old country grub. Researchers discovered this by feeding their city crows the kind of food mama crows would feed their babies in the wild. The result? Bigger nestlings.  It seems that crows will eat junk food – to their detriment – just because it’s there. Seems we humans have that in common with them.

 

Posted in Bird Canada, Canadian Birds, Citizen Science, Corvids | Tagged , , , , | 4 Comments

Spring arrivals continued

It seems like every time I get out birding this month, there are a couple new species that have arrived in my area (Woodstock, NB). Just last week I found 75 different species! I’m up to 135 for the year and need just another 30 to beat my record for what I’ve found over the course of a year in New Brunswick.

Here is what I’ve been seeing around Carleton County;

Black-throated Green Warbler

Black-throated Green Warbler

Brant

Brant (lifer) – it stayed around for a week. It is very common to see this species around here so it was great that I didn’t have to go to northern or southern NB to find one.

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Blue-headed Vireo

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Blackburnian Warbler – usually this species is up high in the trees so it was nice to see this one up close and low enough to get a photo!

Rose-breasted Grosbeak

Rose-breasted Grosbeak (female) – I’ve had the male and female in my yard for over a week now

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Northern Parula – a very easy warbler to find around right now. Ovenbirds are too, but they are much harder to photograph!

 

Rarities for May – New Brunswick

Yellow-crowned Night Heron – https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=1099521693408252&set=pcb.850021688426143&type=1&relevant_count=3

Sandhill Crane – https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=10153227527281280&set=gm.846927025402276&type=1

Orchard Oriole – https://www.facebook.com/photo.php?fbid=708390112536640&set=pcb.643639829064331&type=1&theater

Blue Grosbreak – http://birdingnewbrunswick.ca/forum/topics/beautiful-blue-grosbeak-may-13-2015

Yellow-throated Warbler – http://birdingnewbrunswick.ca/forum/topics/yellow-throated-warbler

Glossy Ibis – http://birdingnewbrunswick.ca/forum/topics/glossy-ibis-sackville-waterfowl-park

 

Until next time,

Nathan Staples

http://natethebirder.blogspot.com/

Posted in Bird Canada, Migration, Wood Warblers | Leave a comment

Birding around Calgary – May 2015

TH1D2575d&b-crop-fbWell, things continue to hot up around Calgary as more and more returning birds make their way north. This time of year I like to go visiting ponds and sloughs all over Calgary and its outskirts as I never know quite what will be around.

One returning species that I particularly look forward to is the graceful American Avocet with its delicate upturned bill:TH1D2534-crop-fb

When the weather cooperates and I get a cloudless sky with minimal wind, it’s worth the effort to get up early and get shooting shortly after sunrise. Not only do you get great glass-like reflections from the water surface, but this also combines with warm, saturated colours from the golden sun which can add some interest to any shot:TH1D2341-d&b-crop-fb

In company with the avocets were a number of Yellowlegs:TH1D3064-fb TH1D2433-fb

However they were not exactly ‘best friends’ and the avocets would frequently chase away their more diminutive shorebird cousins:TH1D2035-fb

Not to be outdone, a handful of Bonaparte’s Gulls made an appearance and after giving me a couple of squawking fly-bys to let me know they knew I was there, then quickly settled on the pond surface and proceeded to feed on what looked like snails:TH1D2758d&b-crop-fb2 TH1D2142-fb

TH1D2183-fbWaterfowl are now back in great numbers and at some other ponds I came across the striking Red-necked Grebe:TH1D3119-fbTH1D3149-fb 

As well as flotilla of Redheads:TH1D3256d&b-fb

As you can tell from the shot above, I don’t always shoot at water-level as often you get some attractive water reflections simply shooting from kneeling down.

While doing all this shooting, I was serenaded by the spring chorus of a dozen Yellow-headed and Red-winged Blackbirds – a sound that epitomises spring for me:TH1D3212d&b-fb

The surrounding shrubs and trees also produced a few new birds such as the White-crowned Sparrow:TH1D3274-fb

and a resident-all-year Red-breasted Nuthatch who picking off newly emerging spiders:TH1D1386d&b-fb

Elsewhere I was very pleased to get some close-ups of Canvasbacks, which happened to be a target bird of mine this year as I’d never got any shots I was happy with until now:TH1D2499d&b-crop-fbTH1D3777-fb

as well as a Cinnamon Teal revealing its gorgeous wing plumage:TH1D4227-fb

At Prince’s Island Park at the northern edge of downtown I was also pleased to see a pair of American Wigeons going about their day, with the male being particularly vocal:TH7D8913d&b-fb TH7D8810d&b-fb

TH7D9265d&b-crop-fbThis park also hosts dozens of Canada Geese:TH1D3292-fb

and it was great to see my first goslings of the year – such photogenic yellow puffballs!:TH7D9392-fb

 Looking ahead, by the time you read this I should be on my way to Point Pelee National Park in Ontario to try & capture some warbler action. Needless to say I’m quite excited at the prospect, so with a bit of luck I’ll be able to share my results with you next month! Cheers, Tim.

 

Posted in Bird Canada | 3 Comments

Park Visits and Global Bird Day

With the spring migration underway, I’m avidly watching the States wind direction forecast for the upcoming week for the eastern part (Upper Midwest and Northeast Forecast) that will also affect the bird migrating trends on our end here in New Brunswick.

But that’s for next week. This past week has seen an influx of sparrows, some warblers and there have even been reports of a few Ruby-throated Hummingbirds being spotted, so I set out to visit two parks here in Moncton to see what I could find. I was rewarded handsomely with a list of 30 species for Centennial Park on Sunday the 3rd and from Irishtown Park on the 6th, I gleaned 19 species from very windy conditions. This Red-breasted Merganser skirted past me behind some shrubs and I couldn’t resist that stunning red eye.

A note about my photos: Please click on the image
to enlarge for a crisper, clearer picture.

parkday2-merg2The deciduous trees are taking their time in putting out flowers and leaves, so perhaps it’s a good thing that there aren’t many warblers showing up quite yet. I saw a Black-throated Green Warbler on the 5th near the feeder area that I have at Fairview Knoll Park, and last week I was blessed to see a flock of 15 Rusty Blackbirds. Unfortunately, I didn’t have my camera with me on either occasion.

parkday1

At Centennial Park, I walked to the lake and watched a pair of Canada Geese who seemed unaffected by the drop in water level. One individual was nesting on the little island with her mate swimming nearby. It was a hot day and I admired her (if it was the female) tenacity to sit on that nest for so long.

parkday1-cgnestparkday1-cg-maleAs I sat at a picnic table I soon noticed some bird action behind me in the shade. I turned, stood still and focused. There appeared out of the shadows several species: the White-throated and White-crowned Sparrows, a few Rock Pigeons, Dark-eyed Juncos, a couple of courting Blue Jays and one lone Mallard, intent on figuring out what I was doing with my camera.

parkday1-curious-drakeThree days later, I visited Irishtown Park on a very windy day and frankly, because of this I didn’t expect to see many birds. But I was hopeful the Loons had returned so I went anyway. There, too, the deciduous trees are pretty much still quite bare.

parkday2After taking the Yellow Trail through the woods I was alone for most of the way until I first heard, and then saw, a shy Hermit Thrush in the underbrush. Being late afternoon, all the photos I took in the forest came out too shadowy for my liking. But as soon as I reached the bridge that spans the reservoir, the light was just right and there it was: my first Common Loon this year. Then later two more appeared. This one was so hard to capture that I’m sure she knew that I wanted to take her photo and was being evasive on purpose. As soon as I would aim and try to hold the camera still in the high winds, she would duck underwater and disappear from view for minutes at a time.

parkday2_common_loonThen along came the Red-breasted Mergansers and I completely forgot all about the Loon! There were fifteen males and females. I managed to capture them up close and personal, then again I caught them in the mad rush to get away when I came too close, on their flight shoreward. The shrubs between us kept me camouflaged, but it was also a hindrance to a clear, open view. Nevertheless, they seemed to cooperate nicely. This next photo shows the long, curved bill.

parkday2_merganser1

parkday2_merganser2

parkday2_merganser3But the week wasn’t over after my two park visits. There was still the Global Birding Day leftover as a special treat, and this day I decided to spend at Grande-Digue near the water.  The different habitats I visited included wetlands, meadows, deciduous and coniferous woods, the shoreline from Cap de Cocagne to Caissie Cape, and different human habitations, including my sister’s feeder that she keeps amply stocked.  Seen with their attractive heads looking away are: White-throated Sparrow, American Goldfinch, Purple Finch females and one male. Later a couple of Pine Siskins, a Blue Jay, and the ubiquitous Black-capped Chickadees made their late afternoon visits, as well as the Ring-necked Pheasant, a resident in these parts.

globalday2-05-09-15There, too, spring is slow in arriving with the Sugar Maple flower buds just erupting. The Red Maples are not even opened yet.

globalday1-05-09-15 On Global Day, May 9th, my sister and I saw or heard 40 different species. Most of the time, she spotted, and I recorded, the birds. Of note on the list is my first of the year Black and Surf Scoter, American Kestrel, an immature Great-crested Cormorant, Northern Pintail Duck, Ring-necked Duck, and several Yellow-rumped Warblers, and an Osprey. But no Ruby-throated Hummingbird. Yet.

Speaking of warblers, I must refresh my memory on calls, songs and the myriad array of colourful plumage our guests will sport as they migrate to our fair land.  Until next time…

Wishing you great Birding Days!
Raymonde Savoie

Posted in Bird Canada, Birding Trips, Canadian Birds, Migration, Shorebirds, Songbirds, Wood Warblers | Tagged , , , , , , | 2 Comments

They are Coming to Us

With the changing season, some of the locals are getting new wardrobes and others, who have spent the winter here, are considering moving on.

IMG_2933

Pine Siskin – These birds are preparing to return North.

American Goldfinch

American Goldfinch – Our goldfinch have almost completed their molt and are singing daily.

Downy Woodpecker

Downy Woodpecker – Woodpeckers are active; calling and drumming.

IMG_3187

Hairy Woodpecker

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Dark-eyed Junco – Juncos have been with us all winter but rather than remaining as ground feeders, they have chosen to go directly to the source.

With the days lengthening and warmer weather, we are seeing new birds almost on a daily basis. The dawn chorus is beginning and we are hearing new song, tweets and rattling and drumming each new day. In recent weeks we have had an influx of Sparrows beginning with Fox and Song followed shortly by White-throated. Dark-eyed Juncos have been with us all winter but seem to have become more active and singing in the past few weeks.

IMG_3080

Fox Sparrow – This is one of many, passing through the province, and delighting all with their song.

Song Sparrow

Song Sparrow

White-throated Sparrow

White-throated Sparrow

Purple Finch

Purple Finch – These birds have arrived recently and along with their colour, they are adding to the song.

Purple Finch - Female

Purple Finch – Female

IMG_3172

Ring-billed Gull – In bright breeding plumage (but dirty feet).

Gull From Away

Strange Gull – This gull this thought to be a Ring-billed/Black-headed Gull Hybrid.

Ring-necked Duck pair

Ringed-necked Duck – Pair in breeding plumage.

But May is the month of warblers…Bring them on!

 

Posted in Bird Canada | 2 Comments